UPSC Indian Geography MCQ questions and Answers

UPSC Indian Geography MCQ questions and Answers for IAS IPS Civil service Preliminary Exam General Studies Preparation questions online below

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1.  Nuclear power plant is associated at
a
  Mathura
b
 Madras
c
 Ganganagar
d
 Kota
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option A
Explanation :
2.  Which of the following statements is/are correct?
1.Cyclone is a low pressure system.
2.The wind movement is clockwise in the cyclone of northern hemisphere.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
a
  Strait of Gibraltar
b
 Bering Strait
c
 Strait of Florida
d
 Malacca Strait
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option A
Explanation :
3.  Which three continents have the largest areas of coniferous forest ?
a
  Canada
b
 Germany
c
 Zambia
d
 United States of America
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option A
Explanation :
4.  Identify from the following states of India through which the Tropic of Cancer passes and arrange them from East to West.
1.Gujarat
2.West Bengal
3.Uttar Pradesh
4.Jharkhand
5.Madhya Pradesh 6. Bihar 7. Chhattisgarh
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.
a
  1 and 2
b
 1 and 3
c
 2 only
d
 2 and 3
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option C
Explanation :
5.  Which one of the following is the correct sequence of the given towns of Pakistan while moving from the North towards the South?
a
  Islamabad - Multan - Peshawar – Gujarawala
b
 Peshawar - Islamabad - Gujarawala - Multan
c
 Islamabad - Gujarawala - Peshawar - Multan
d
 Peshawar - Gujarawala - Multan - Islamabad
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option B
Explanation :
6.  Identify the climatic region.
(1) Mean summer temperature around 30°C.
(2) Very high diurnal temperature range
(3) Rainfall of about 12 cm; that too highly variable
a
  Sudan climate
b
 Stepp climate
c
 Dry Tropical climate
d
 Dry mid-latitude climate
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option C
Explanation :
7.  Consider the following provinces of former Yugoslavia :
1.Bosnia
2.Croatia
3.Slovenia
4.Serbia The correct sequence of these provinces from the east to the west is
a
  1, 4, 2, 3
b
 4, 1, 3, 2
c
 3, 2, 1, 4
d
 1, 4, 3, 2
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option C
Explanation :
8.  Upto a height of 50 km from Earth, the atmosphere is composed of
a
  nitrogen, oxygen, argon, minor gases
b
 only minor gases such as carbon dioxide, hydrogen, neon, helium, methane, etc.
c
 only nitrogen and oxygen
d
 none of these
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option A
Explanation :
9.  Which one of the following is the largest canal?
a
  Bay of Bengal
b
 Arabian Sea
c
 Red Sea
d
 Andaman Sea
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option C
Explanation :
10.  The Earth's revolution is also called annual motion or yearly motion because
a
  it takes 365 1/4 days to complete the journey
b
 it takes 365 days 5 h 48 min and 45.51 s to complete the journey
c
 all of these are correct
d
 it takes 1 solar year to complete the journey
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option C
Explanation :
11.  Which of the following statements is true with regard to food on this planet?
a
  if high rainfall occurs during the period of growth of the plant
b
 if there is high temperature during the time of ripening
c
 if frost occurs during the period of ripening
d
 if there is fluctuation in temperature during the period of growth of the plant
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option C
Explanation :
12.  The science and art of drawing maps and charts on selected scale is called
a
  Hydrology
b
 Cartography
c
 Geology
d
 Pedology
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option B
Explanation :
13.  Which one of the following countries of South-West Asia does not open out to the Mediterranean Sea? [IAS Prelims 2015-I]
a
  Bering
b
 Hudson strait
c
 Florida Strait
d
 Belle isle strait
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option C
Explanation :
14.  Which one of the following is associated with Indian Agriculture?
a
  I.C.W.A
b
 I.C.C.R.
c
 I.C.A.R.
d
 I.C.M.R.
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option C
Explanation :
15.  Consider the following statements: The black cotton soil of India
1.is mainly distributed over the river valleys of the lava region of the Deccan
2.has a great capacity of retaining moisture
3.is extremely fertile at the surface
4.occupies about 10% of the total area of the country. Of these statements,
a
  1, 2 and 3 are correct
b
 1 and 2 are correct
c
 3 and 4 are correct
d
 1, 3 and 4 are correct
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option A
Explanation :
16.  Which one among the following is not a landlocked country in Africa?
a
  II and III
b
 none
c
 I and II
d
 I, II and III
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option D
Explanation :
17.  Rivers that pass through Himachal Pradesh are
a
  Beas and Chenab only
b
 Beas, Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej and Yamuna
c
 Chenab, Ravi and Sutlej only
d
 Beas and Ravi only
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option B
Explanation :
18.  Consider the following statements:
1.In India, the Himalayas are spread over five States only.
2.Western Ghats are spread over five States only.
3.Pulicat Lake is spread over two States only. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
a
  3 only
b
 1 and 2 only
c
 2 and 3 only
d
 1 and 3 only
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option A
Explanation :
19.  Unlike other Meridians International Date Line is drawn zigzag in order to
a
  make 180°E and 180°W coterminous
b
 adjust the day in calendar while sailing from east to west and vice versa
c
 permit certain land areas and groups of islands to have the same calendar day
d
 facilitate the sailors to adjust time in their watch
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option C
Explanation :
20.  For short-term climate prediction, which one of the following events, detected in the last decade, is associated with occasional weak monsoon rains in the India subcontinent?
a
  El Nino and Southern Oscillations
b
 Movement of Jet Streams
c
 Greenhouse effects on global level
d
 La Nina
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option A
Explanation :
21.  The Mediterranean type of climate is characterized by
a
  clear sky and sunshine
b
 moist summers and dry winters
c
 hot summers a moist winters
d
 dry summer and mild, wet winters
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option D
Explanation :
22.  Diamond ring is a phenomenon observed:
a
  only along the peripheral regions of the totality trail
b
 at the start of a total solar eclipse
c
 at the end of a total solar eclipse
d
 only in the central regions of the totality trail
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option C
Explanation :
23.  Which of the following countries share borders with Moldova? [2008]
1.Ukraine
2.Romania
3.Belarus
Select the correct answer using the codes given below Codes:
a
  2 and 3
b
 1 and 2
c
 1 and 3
d
 All of these
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option B
Explanation :
24.  Which of the following seas/gulfs are connected by the Suez Canal?
a
  Uniformly high temperature throughout the year
b
 A distinct wet and dry season with annual range of temperature between 3°C – 8°C
c
 Broad-leaf evergreen forests and grasses
d
 No spatial variation in mean annual rainfall
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option B
Explanation :
25.  Which one among the following South Asian countries has the highest population density?
a
  Pakistan
b
 Srilanka
c
 India
d
 Nepal
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option C
Explanation :

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