UPSC CSAT paper 2 Civil Services Aptitude Test Practice set 1

UPSC CSAT paper 2 Civil Services Aptitude Test Practice set 1 – Questions and answers online Practice now free through below

aptitude questions and answers

  Oct 30, 2019

1 .Directions: Read the following six passages and answer the questions that follow. Your answers to these questions should be based on the passage only.
Illiteracy can bring down even the most powerful nations, so if we are to become a developed nation,the government should first remove the problem of illiteracy by introducing effective programmes withproper implementation and budget.
It is ironical that even today; our leaders and people’s representatives give literacy a very low priority.They fail to perceive literacy as part of the development process, as an endeavour to improve thequality of life, as the process of building awareness among the weaker sections, as part of thedemocratisation of political power, as the arrangement to give their due, to bridge the gap between therich and the poor. Neglecting the issue of illiteracy can hurt the development of India very badly
Which of the following statements is not true in the context of illiteracy of the country as per the passage?
A.  There is a shortage of a suitable plan and the budget that can accommodate the implementation of an illiteracy programme.
B.  People's representatives are working on a suitable measure to curb the menace of illiteracy.
C.  People, especially in the rural India are subjected to severe illiteracy due to lack of proper infrastructure there.
D.  Removal of illiteracy is required to bridge the gap between the rich and the poor in the country
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2 .Directions: Read the following six passages and answer the questions that follow. Your answers to these questions should be based on the passage only.
Ninety-seven per cent of the water on the Earth is salt water. Only three per cent is fresh water; slightly over two thirds of this is frozen in glaciers and polar ice. The remaining unfrozen fresh water is found mainly as groundwater, with only a small fraction present above ground or in the air. Fresh water is a renewable resource, yet the world’s supply of clean, fresh water is steadily decreasing. Water demand already exceeds supply in many parts of the world and as the world population continues to rise, so too does the water demand. Awareness of the global importance of preserving water for ecosystem service has only recently emerged as, during the 20th century, more than half the world’s wetland have been lost along with their valuable environmental services for Water Education.
Which among the following is the major contributing factor for the scarcity of water resources on the surface of the earth as per the passage?
A.  97% of the water is salt water and only 3% pure water make the equitable distribution of water difficult over the surface of the earth.
B.  Most part of water is trapped in the form of glaciers and polar ice which makes the fresh water least available to the fauna over the earth.
C.  Increasing world population is a threat to the proper distribution of water over the different parts of the world.
D.  The loss of the wetland has caused the acute shortage of fresh water resources across the world.
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3 .Directions: Read the following six passages and answer the questions that follow. Your answers to these questions should be based on the passage only.
The main reason for the high level of unemployment is technological progress. Don’t get me wrong;progress is good and it makes life easier. But if every year we produce the same amount of goods withfewer people — in a few years far less working hours are needed to produce all the goods that arerequired. The historical trend has been to increase the efficiency of work force. If we do not continue thistrend, the supply of working hours is greater than the demand.
We also know that what is abundant has low value, so an oversupply of working hours means they areworth less, wages and salaries get reduced. Also many persons are out of work; their working hours areno longer needed. Those that are out of work have no income and therefore the demand for goods goesdown. With fewer sales, less gets produced, more persons are laid off.
This is a vicious circle that accelerates unemployment and produces crime; because some will turn tocrime to obtain income. By distributing the available work between all persons intend to work thevicious cycle can be broken.
Which of the given inference is most critical in connection to unemployment in India?
A.  The development of technology and the dependence over it has grown manifold causing a lot of people workless.
B.  The production of same kinds of goods have made the consumption go down and with this job opportunities have dipped.
C.  Adopting the criminal ways of living have been so lucrative that people don't bother about being jobless.
D.  The management has not been able to divide the work available with the firm equally among the workers and hence causing a mess resulting into unemployment.
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4 .Directions: Read the following six passages and answer the questions that follow. Your answers to these questions should be based on the passage only.
The right to privacy refers to the concept that one’s personal information is protected from publicscrutiny. The right to privacy most often is protected by statutory law. It enforces the right to privacy invarious privacy policies and privacy statements. The right to privacy often must be balanced against thestate’s compelling interests, including the promotion of public safety and improving the quality of life.Seat-belt laws and motorcycle helmet requirements are examples of such laws. And while many citizensare quite aware that the government collects personal information, most say that governmentsurveillance is acceptable. It would doubtless be desirable that the privacy of the individual shouldreceive the added protection of the criminal law, but for this, legislation would be required. Perhaps itwould be deemed proper to bring the criminal liability within narrower limits; but that the communityhas an interest in preventing such invasions of privacy.
As per the reading of the passage what rational inference can be drawn in the context of right of privacy?
A.  The right to privacy is a Fundamental Right of people and it must be protected by the statutory laws on a compulsory basis despite the situation people are in.
B.  The right to privacy is a Fundamental Right of people and it must be protected by the statutory laws except some cases when social or national interest is there.
C.  The right to privacy is to be protected from the criminal laws so that the basic human right is saved from the ill effects of it.
D.  For the criminals there must not be the right to privacy as they are damaging the core idea of the right.
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5 .Directions: Read the following six passages and answer the questions that follow. Your answers to these questions should be based on the passage only.
Attaining long-term food security requires the raising of incomes and making food affordable. Toensure food security for the vulnerable section of the society a multiple pronged strategy is to beevolved. To begin with all the existing social safety net programmes need amalgamation and shouldfocus on vulnerable and underprivileged regions and groups. The existing anti-poverty programmes maybe made more transparent with better government that minimises leakages and benefits from suchprogrammes. Simultaneously, agricultural needs to be reformed by improving incentives, increasinginvestment etc so that production of traditional and high-value commodities can be increased.
Which one of the following statements is the most suitable corollary with respect to the achievement of food security for the citizens?
A.  Attaining food security is for long-term needs a threshold income and producing enough food.
B.  A strategy is required for the vulnerable sections of the society for food security but rest of the sections may be covered with the existing one.
C.  There is a need of a complete overhaul in the government programmes to make the food available and affordable to ensure food security.
D.  An agricultural reform is needed in order to maintain the food production which will ultimately pay back in the form of food security.
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6 .Directions: Read the following six passages and answer the questions that follow. Your answers to these questions should be based on the passage only.
History proved beyond doubt that every Empire that evolved and flourished across centuries created itsown grave-diggers. On the same lines, historians have debated the causes of the decline of MughalEmpire. The causes of the decline of the Mughal Empire were deterioration of land relations, emergenceof regional powers as successor states, selfish struggle of nobles at the court, lack of initiative in modernweapons, lack of control over the bankers of the state and above all, Aurangzeb's Deccan campaign.Unlike Emperor Akbar who paid his officials’ salaries directly from the state treasury, Shahjahan andAurangzeb opted for Jagirs. There was a constant clash of interest between the nobles at the Emperor’scourt and zamindars. Consequently the main danger to law and order came from zamindars as theyrefused to pay the revenue and had to be cowed down.
The politics that emerged upon the collapse of the Mughal Empire was of two kinds. In one class the‘succession states’ like Hyderabad, Bengal and Awadh, which were really fragments of the Empire. In thesecond category were the Maratha Confederacy, the Jats, the Sikhs and the Afghans. Their origins aspolities were independent of Mughal Empire. Mysore under Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan stood outsidethese two categories. At the same time, it was the first state in India to make a beginning towardsmodernisation. In Mughal Empire, the nobles found that their careers were not linked to talent and thatloyal and useful service was ‘no security against capricious dismissal and degradation’. Their selfishstruggle led to factionalism. In order to sustain their power in court, these nobles had surreptitiousrelations with regional governors, zamindars and other chieftains.
There was an increasing involvement of banking firms in revenue collections at regional and local levelsthat brought bankers into positions of political power all over India. The Deccan Campaign becameAurangzeb’s Waterloo as the Mughals failed to defeat the Marathas. Unlike Emperor Akbar, whoassimilated Rajputs within his kingdom, Aurangzeb was unable to effectively assimilate the regionalwarrior chiefs. Failure to sustain imperial officers in the province resulted in intensified disorder anddefiance of imperial authority.
Identify the cause that was not responsible for fall of Mughal Empire.
1. Lack of modern weapons.
2. Infighting and factionalism of nobles.
3. Peasant and tribal revolts.
4. Wars with English East India Company.
5. Jagirs awarded by Shahjahan.
Select the answer using the codes given below

A.  2 and 3
B.  1, 3 and 4
C.  3 and 4
D.  2, 4 and 5
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7 .Directions: Read the following six passages and answer the questions that follow. Your answers to these questions should be based on the passage only.

The politics that emerged upon the fall of Mughal Empire consisted of1. Succession states.2. The Maratha Confederacy, the Jats, the Sikhs and the Afghans.3. Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan.Select the correct answer using the codes given below
A.  1 and 3
B.  2 and 3
C.  Only 3
D.  1 and 2
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8 .Directions: Read the following six passages and answer the questions that follow. Your answers to these questions should be based on the passage only.

Consider the following statements
1. Banking firms were increasingly involved in revenue collection during Mughal times.
2. The Deccan campaign proved disastrons for Akbar.
3. The Mysore kingdom was first to modernise in India.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
A.  Only 3
B.  2 and 3
C.  1 and 3
D.  1 and 2
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9 .A man buys a bus for ₹ 500000. If the annual maintenance cost of the bus is 4% and annual tax is ₹ 5000, for how much rent per month (in `), should the man rent the bus, so that he gets an annual return of 20%?
A.  7500
B.  9250
C.  12500
D.  8750
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10 .While working alone, Sajid and Wajid can paint a wall in 4 days and 8 days, respectively. Sajid goes and paints the white portion of the wall to black on the first day. On the second day, Wajid paints the black portion of the wall to white. They both continue to work in this manner. What is the maximum number of days after which the whole wall will be painted black?
A.  12 days
B.  13 days
C.  15 days
D.  16 days
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11 .The average salary of 100 employees in an office is ₹ 16000 per month. The managementdecided to raise salary of every employee by 10% but stopped the transport allowance of₹ 1100 per month which was paid earlier to every employee. What will be the new averagemonthly salary? (Assume transport allowance is not included in the salary)
A.  ₹ 162000
B.  ₹ 16500
C.  ₹ 17000
D.  No change in the salary
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12 .Six bells commence tolling together and toll at intervals of 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 s, respectively. In 60 min, how many times do they toll together?
A.  20
B.  15
C.  13
D.  11
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13 .Urgently, Sudeep has to travel from Delhi to Lucknow. He travels by a car and notices that, if he increases his speed by 6 km/h, he will reach Lucknow 4 h early. Also, if he decreases his speed by 6 km/h, he will take 6 h more. The distance between Delhi and Lucknow (in km) is
A.  600
B.  810
C.  640
D.  720
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14 .In a class of 80 students, 25 are studying Commerce, 15 Mathematics and 13 Physics. 3 students are studying Commerce and Mathematics, 4 students are studying Mathematics and Physics and 2 students are studying Commerce and Physics. 1 student is studying all the three subjects together. How many students are not studying any of the three subjects?
A.  40
B.  35
C.  20
D.  15
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15 .A boy walks 2 km to West and then turns North and walks 10 km. Again, he turns to West and walks 4 km. After this he turns to South and walks 18 km. Now, how far is he from his starting point?
A.  10 km
B.  11 km
C.  12 km
D.  13 km
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